Long-standing conflicts between competing factions and ethnic groups have destabilized Sudan’s ability to efficiently operate from an economic standpoint. The result has been devastating to many of the country’s citizens. South Sudan has also recently broken off from the rest of the country, taking with it vast oil reserves. CNN reports that Sudan’s GDP is expected to continue to contract due to South Sudan’s departure.
According to the CIA, the country is ruled by the National Congress Party. The NCP came to power after a coup d’etat in 1989, and has not been able to successfully repair the nation’s issues. As a result of the prolonged instability, Sudan’s GDP has tanked since spiking in 2006.